Saemaul Movement to be exported
By Shim Jae-yun
Ruling Saenuri Party floor leader Lee Han-koo revealed Thursday the effort will be made with the support of the World Bank.
Saemaul Movement is a pan-national drive for the development of rural areas which started from 1970 by then President Park Chung-hee.
Park initiated the campaign in a bid to modernize the underdeveloped provincial areas through construction of houses, roads and other infrastructure facilities. It also expanded to cover efforts to increase income of farmers and fishermen.
With strong support from the government, the movement was also carried out in urban areas affecting companies and other work places, to grow as a campaign for enlightenment of the people based on the motto of diligence, self-reliance and cooperation.
The movement turned into a political campaign under the Yushin (revitalizing reform) regime, with former President Park making the most of it for his political cause. Regardless of the political implication, the movement was undoubtedly the result of Park Chung-hee’s firm conviction about the country’s modernization.