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Posted : 2012-08-07 18:10
Updated : 2012-08-07 18:10

US planned nuclear no-man’s land

By Lee Tae-hoon

The United States considered creating a no man’s land with radioactive nuclear waste halfway across the Korean Peninsula in the early 1950s in an attempt to deter communist aggression, according to a declassified intelligence document.

The memorandum titled “Radiological Warfare” and created on April 20, 1951 by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), confirms allegations that the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) reviewed the option of placing radiological agents on a strip of land across the peninsula.

Cryptome, a whistleblower site dedicated to exposing confidential information, posted the sensitive document on its website on Aug. 5.

U.S. media outlets, including the New York Times, alleged in early 1951 that Albert Gore Sr., a state legislator, urged President Harry S. Truman to use radioactive materials to create a belt of territory across Korea that would be unable to support life in the midst of the 1950-53 Korean War.

The FBI report discloses that the AEC examined the possibilities of creating such a belt across the peninsula with radioactive material as Gore suggested to hamper the Communists from marching further toward the South.

“While discussing other matters with Dr. Paul McDaniel of the Atomic Energy Commission, he brought this subject up with Agent Bates of the Liaison Section,” the report says.

“Dr. McDaniel pointed out that a commission, set up in 1948 to examine the possibilities of using radiological warfare in such a manner, as outlined by Representative Gore, had furnished their final report to the Atomic Energy Commission on April 11.”

The FBI document states that the U.S. commission’s report concluded that it was possible for an area to be completely "dehumanized" by periodically laying down radioactive nuclear waste, but it advised the U.S. government not to adopt the “cataclysmic” method.

“It would mean greatly curtailing the present production of plutonium in order to produce the necessary radiological agents,” the declassified dossier said, noting that the AEC assessed that it had insufficient waste material for such a program.

“Under the present AEC facilities and proposed facilities, there is no provision for the production of such agents. Research would have to be done to develop a radiological agent of sufficient strength to last long enough to be effective.”

Gore’s proposal would have required poisoning a strip up some 170 kilometers in length and several kilometers in width to be effective.

Nevertheless, the FBI document showed that the U.S. commission pointed out that the use of radiological agents should not be completely ruled out and should be kept in mind for future discussions.

The former Tennessee Democrat reportedly said, “The inhabitants of the area should be removed first and the Communists warned in advance that entry into the area would mean certain death and slow deformity and that all weapons, food clothing and vehicles would become poisoned.”

관련 한글 기사

美, 한반도 핵폐기물로 분단시키려 해

미국이 한국전 당시인 1951년 초에 핵 폐기물질을 한반도를 가로질러 살포해 영구히 남북을 분단시키는 방안을 검토한 것이 인터넷 폭로 전문 사이트인 크립토미(crytome.org)에 의해 드러났다.

크립토미는 FBI가 1951년4월 20일 작성한 것으로 추정되는 “Radiological Warfare (방사능전)”라는 제목의 보고서를 지난 4일 공개했다.

이 보고서는 앨 고어 전 미국 부통령의 아버지인 알버트 고어 당시 민주당 하원의원이 방사능물질을 한반도를 가로질러 살포해, 남북한 사이에 무인지대(Dehumanized Area)를 만드는 방안을 제안했다고 밝혔다.

보고서는 또한 1948년 미국 원자력위원회의 폴 맥다니엘 박사가 고어 하원의원이 제안한 내용과 일치하는 연구를 수행했으며 원자력위원회에 관련된 보고서를 1951년 4월 11일 최종 제출했다고 밝혔다

폴 맥다니엘 박사는 방사능 물질을 이용해 한반도 일부 지역을 완벽하게 무인지대로 만드는 것이 가능하다 판단 했지만 권장할 만한 방안은 아니라고 지적했다.

그는 미국이 한반도를 가로질러 살포하기 위한 핵 물질을 만들기 위해서는 미국이 플루토늄 생산을 현저히 줄여야 한다고 지적하며 미국 원자력위원회는 이런 계획을 추진할 만큼 충분한 방사능 폐기물을 가지고 있지 않다고 분석했다.

그는 또한 무인지대 예정지까지 이 핵 물질을 이동할 운반체를 새로 개발해야 하며 살포될 핵 물질이 장기간 강력한 방사능 효과를 발휘할 수 있게 하기 위한 추가 연구가 필요할 것으로 보았다.

이 보고서는 하지만 방사능 물질을 활용한 한반도 무인화 방안을 완전히 배제하지 말아야 하면 앞으로 이런 방안을 염두 해 둔 채 추후 논의를 진행해야 한다고 주장했다.



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