Kim Sang-gon, superintendent of Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education
Kim Sang-gon, a former professor at Hanshin University, was elected the superintendent of Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education.
He forayed into officialdom in April last year when he was elected in a by-election as the top educator for Gyeonggi Province.
The 61-year-old progressive educator stood up to the conservative Lee Myung-bak administration's competition-oriented education policies. In June, he even defied the education ministry's order to discipline progressive teachers in his precinct accused of staging illegal rallies. He also issued statements against the government's education policies.
Gyeonggi Province is the country's largest educational administration unit with roughly 1.86 million students and 80,000 teachers at 2,060 schools.
Gwangju Mayor-elect Kang Un-tae of the DP
Kang Un-tae served as mayor of Suncheon in South Jeolla Province between 1989 and 1990. He was elected as Gwangju mayor in 1994. One year later, he was named as minister of food, agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
Kang, 62, served as minster of home affairs in 1997 before being elected as an independent lawmaker in 2000.
He later joined the ruling Millennium Democratic Party, the predecessor of the Democratic Party, and served as its secretary-general between 2003 and 2004.
A graduate of the Department of Diplomacy at Seoul National University in 1972, Kang passed the state-run civil service examination.
North Jeolla Governor-elect Kim Wan-joo of the Democratic Party
Kim Wan-joo, 64, became the governor of North Jeolla Province four years ago.
Born in Jeonju in 1946, Kim earned a masters degree in public administration at Seoul National University.
He passed the civil service exam in 1973, having worked for the North Jeolla provincial government for almost 15 years.
Then, Kim was elected as mayor of Gochang (1989-1991), Namwon (1994-1995) and Jeonju (1998-2006). Between 1991 and 1992, he was a secretary to the late former President Roh Moo-hyun.
South Jeolla Governor-elect Park Joon-young of the Democratic Party
Park Joon-young, 63, has served as governor of South Jeolla Province since 2004.
Born in Muan 1946, Park earned a doctors degree in political science at Sungkyunkwan University in Seoul. He was a journalist for the Joongang Ilbo for over 20 years until 1999 when he was asked to work with the late former President Kim Dae-jung as a spokesman.
In 2001, Park was made director of the Korean Information Agency, which no longer exists, and taught at Dongguk University briefly.
Busan Mayor-elect Hur Nam-sik of the GNP
Hur Nam-sik, 61, has secured another four-year term as Busan mayor by winning the election on pledges to modernize logistics and industrial facilities in the country's second biggest city.
The Grand National Party (GNP) candidate promised to build a cluster of manufacturing, software and services firms and to attract 80 local and international enterprises to the complex to make it a new driver of local economic growth.
Born in Uiryeong, South Gyeongsang Province, Hur first became the mayor in 2004 by winning a by-election. He won the mayoral election two years later to secure a second term.
Hur's easy victory had been widely expected as two of his strongest rivals within the governing GNP, Reps. Suh Byung-soo and An Kyung-ryul, withdrew their bids to challenge the incumbent mayor. Suh and An are both three-term lawmakers whose constituencies are in Busan.
Hur majored in psychology at Korea University and has a masters degree in public administration from Seoul National University.
Daegu Mayor-elect Kim Beom-il of the GNP
The incumbent mayor of Daegu, Kim Beom-il, has been reelected in a landslide victory and will serve the position for another four years. He was a candidate of the governing Grand National Party.
Kim, 60, secured broad support for his pledges to build an international airport in the southeastern city and implement environmental projects in line with the central government's plan to refurbish four rivers nationwide.
He also pledged to double the city's welfare budget by implementing programs for women, the physically-challenged and less-privileged.
The city's winning of the right in 2007 to host the 2011 International Associations of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, which is one of the world's big three sports events along with the World Cup and the Summer Olympics also helped him a lot this time.
A veteran administrator, Kim graduated from the Business School of Seoul National University. He is a native of Yecheon, North Gyeongsang Province.
Gyeonggi Governor-elect Kim Moon-soo of the GNP
It had been a tough competition with his rival Rhyu Si-min, a former health and welfare minister, but Kim Moon-soo, the incumbent governor of Gyeonggi Province, was reelected.
Kim had been leading opinion polls, but the election had become too close to call after a progressive party candidate, Shim Sang-jung, dropped out of the race just days ahead of the election to support Rhyu.
Kim, a member of the ruling Grand National Party, was born in 1951 in Yeongcheon, North Gyeongsang Province.
He became a lawmaker in 1996 being elected in Bucheon City, Gyeonggi Province, and served three terms at the National Assembly. Throughout his ten years in the Assembly, he was well known for his passionate legislative activities.
This time, he earned voter support for his plan to build a new underground railway network, dubbed Great Train Express, linking the country's biggest province to Seoul and Incheon.
Once construction of the three lines ― which will cost 13.9 trillion won ― is completed in 2016, the daily volume of surface traffic bound for Seoul will be reduced substantially, saving a total of 580 billion won in energy a year, according to Gyeonggi officials.
Daejeon Mayor-elect Yeom Hong-chul of the Liberty Forward Party
A native of Nonsan, South Chungcheong Province, Yeom Hong-chul, 66, worked as a professor of Kyungnam University in South Gyeongsang Province and the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul between 1971 and 1988.
He was a visiting professor of Colombia University in New York between 1981 and 1983.
Yeom served as a presidential secretary for political affairs between 1988 and 1993, and represented South Korea in preliminary high-level inter-Korean talks between 1989 and 1990.
He was elected as mayor of Daejeon in 1998 and 2002. He currently serves as honorary president of Hanbat National University in Daejeon.
A graduate of the Department of Political Science and Diplomacy at Kyunghee University in Seoul in 1972, Yeom received his M.A. in public administration from Yeonsei University in Seoul in 1974 and his Ph.D. in political science from Chung-Ang University in Seoul in 1981.
He also received an honorary Ph.D. in law from Chungnam University in South Chungcheong Province in 2003.